Robotics is the term used to describe the relationship between science and technology to create a machine capable of performing tasks. These functions can range from mundane everyday tasks to high-fiving or pouring a kettle to parts that some people are incapable of doing, like performing surgery.

Challenges

Read about technology and develop your digital literacy by creating content on tech topics

Discover Robotics

So what exactly is Robotics?

Robotics is the term used to describe the relationship between science and technology to create a machine capable of performing tasks. These functions can range from mundane everyday tasks to high-fiving or pouring a kettle to parts that some people are incapable of doing, like performing surgery.

Five types of robots have their uses and capabilities

  • The first one is Pre-Programmed Robots which are programmed to carry out one or very few tasks much faster and more efficiently than humans. An example would be a manufacturing company’s mechanical arm on an assembly line.
  • There are Humanoid Robots! These are created and designed to look and act like human beings. In 2016, a technology company in Hong Kong named Hanson developed its first Humanoid Robot, Sophia, who became a public figure. If you want to read about Sophia, click here to read our entry!
  • And finally, the autonomous robot does not require any human intervention to run. They have built-in sensors that help them determine where and what they are doing. They are used primarily in open environments, and a perfect example of this is autonomous cars which you can read more about if you click right here.

Teleoperated Robots work completely wireless and only need a little human interaction from a distance. These robots are in submarines, where the Robot can go underwater and fix pipe leaks and other underwater issues without needing to come up for air or bring oxygen down with them! 

And lastly, we have the Augmenting Robots. These are a particular type of robot and have been revolutionising the medical world. Prosthetic limbs, which can move and operate in a way that the last body part used to, have changed many people’s lives, giving them back their independence and quality of life. 

What are the advantages and disadvantages?

There are many advantages to having these robotics in our lives, from pure entertainment value like the Robots on rides at Disneyland to essential reasons like cost-effectiveness. If you set a Robot on a cycle, it can keep going around until stopped, meaning that there would be an incline in the production side of things and it will cost less. With Robots, they won’t need to eat or sleep or take days off of given holidays. 

Repetitive tasks can be mundane and boring, so humans will eventually decline in production quality. In contrast, Robots are programmed to have the same outcome every time, meaning the results will all be the same standards. 

One of the most significant advantages is that these Robots can eliminate the risk of hazards and danger to human workers by taking them over. A lot of these environments can be unstable for humans. For example, low or high temperatures, chemical leaks, and fumes do not affect robots but could cause harmful complications for humans. 

Robots can provide better work than humans, so some fear that humans will become unnecessary. However, this is disputed as people will need to run these Robots and maintain and repair them. Unfortunately, with many robots doing multiple jobs, the risk of unemployment could be huge. 

Cost! To build, programme, distribute and install these Robots, the expense of getting them started will cost more than the outgoings of human workers. Although businesses will see that money returning over production time, the initial investment could cause a hole in your pocket!

There could also be a big issue in hiring skilled workers! They are needed to build, run, repair and maintain the Robots, which is a high skill level that not everyone has. 

With the rise of Robotic help in the new digital era, there will be fewer opportunities for people to work, but many products could become cheaper for us to buy. The real questions are whether Robotics should draw the line at some point or whether it will be more beneficial to our world to have more of them.

Create digital content on this topic

25-jpg

Discover Robotics

Useful links on this topic

discover more about the digital world