The automobile has come a long way since its invention in 1886, thanks to the minds of geniuses. Over the last one hundred and thirty-six years, cars have become even more high-tech than ever imagined. We’ve seen many things come and go, from vehicles that run on steam to cars with motion sensors and cameras.

Challenges

Read about technology and develop your digital literacy by creating content on tech topics

Driverless Cars

So what exactly are Driverless Cars?

The automobile has come a long way since its invention in 1886, thanks to the minds of geniuses. Over the last one hundred and thirty-six years, cars have become even more high-tech than ever imagined. We’ve seen many things come and go, from vehicles that run on steam to cars with motion sensors and cameras. 

What is a driverless car? It’s a car that uses its internal sensors to determine spatial awareness, location, and routes and can drive itself with minimal human intervention. Increasing investments and research in these technologies are making the impossible possible. 

There are currently six levels of driving automation as defined by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).  Depending on the type of car, the amount of automation used in it is classified. 

What are the levels of automation?

Level 0  – In this level, the human driver controls all car operations in this vehicle. However, this does not exclude warning signals present to the driver, such as low fuel.

Level 1 – This level means that several technologies may be in the control of the car to assist the driver. That happens one time, as automatic emergency braking or cruise control.

Level 2 – The cars in this level can control at least two automated functions simultaneously. A driver can move by acceleration and steering, but they are still in control. 

Level 3 – The car can control all safety-critical functions if the driver is alerted. Even when the vehicle is autonomous, the driver must remain attentive, just in case.

Level 4 – These cars are fully-autonomous in some driving scenarios, though not all. Fully autonomous in pre-defined environments requiring no human driver intervention. 

Level 5 – In all situations, these cars will drive themselves without requiring any driver intervention.

What’s Tesla got to do with this??

With its Full Self-Driving package, Tesla was closest to the market in 2021, offering hands-free control for highway and freeway driving. They are still only at the Level 2 stage. There are no commercially available fully autonomous vehicles on the road. We’ll see it taking over our highways. 

Data from Autonomous Cars indicates that 55% of small businesses expect their fleets to be autonomous within two decades! 

Autonomous vehicles are also growing at a rate of 16 per cent each year. According to estimates, this market will be worth a trillion dollars by 2025. 

According to studies, 75 per cent of individuals prefer driving a car to ride in a self-driving car.

So what exactly are Driverless Cars?

What are the Advantages and Disadvantages?

Autonomous cars have many advantages and disadvantages, like all things new and technological. A considerable benefit is that machines cannot get tired, meaning they can keep going and not have to pull over for a nap, making journeys shorter and more efficient. Machines make much fewer mistakes than human drivers and are void of emotion and the ability to drink and drive; this will protect human life and cut down injuries in vast numbers. Commute times would be faster, saving a lot of money on fuel, thus making a cleaner world. It has a significant effect on people who have mobility issues and can keep them living independent life. 

It’s expensive to buy, run and fix, which will eat away at the money you would have spent on fuel and then some! However, taxis and users will be irrelevant, and many will lose their jobs. There’s also the issue of hacking. All technology is at risk of being hacked; when geniuses can build it, there will always be geniuses who have figured out a way to hack. That could lead to accidents and fatalities. Also, the weather could affect the technology, stopping it from working and making a very impractical impact on daily lives. 

What can we take from this?

Looking back at everything we have learned, we can see that our technological futures are growing vastly. In its favour, the driverless car would be able to keep people who are not non-disabled to maintain their independence. However, the financial uptake of these vehicles would be greater than fuel prices. The evolution of technological advancements is continuing to rise in our ever-growing and changing world, but are these inventions creating a better life for us and those around us, or are they detrimental to our society? 

What do you think about driverless cars? Do you believe they are the right way into the future or think it’s too much or too fast?

Create digital content on this topic

35-jpg

Driverless Cars

Useful links on this topic

discover more about the digital world